blue origin wiki


The BE-3 engine powers the New Shepard space capsule that is being used for Blue Origin suborbital flights that began in 2015. [69] They also announced the BE-7 engine. In March 2016, Blue Origin invited journalists to see the inside of its Kent, Washington headquarters and manufacturing facility for the first time. The BE-7 engine, currently under development, is being designed for use on a lunar lander. [90], Blue Origin publicly announced the development of the Blue Engine 3, or BE-3, in January 2013, but the engine had begun development in the early 2010s. This was the first flight flown under the regulatory regime of a launch license granted by the US Federal Aviation Administration.

[41], In September 2014, the company and United Launch Alliance (ULA) entered into a partnership whereby Blue Origin would produce a large rocket engine—the BE-4—for the Vulcan, the successor to the 10,000–19,000-kilogram-class (22,000–42,000 lb) Atlas V which has launched US national security payloads since the early 2000s, and was then scheduled to exit service in the late 2010s. Successful test of the in-flight abort system. One potential shared user in the Blue Origin notional plan was United Launch Alliance. The new engine, the Blue Engine 4, or BE-4, is a change for Blue Origin in that it is their first engine that will combust liquid oxygen and liquid methane propellants. In 2016 the Blue Origin team were awarded the Collier Trophy for demonstrating rocket booster reusability with the New Shepard human spaceflight vehicle. [144], In September 2013 — before completion of the bid period, and before any public announcement by NASA of the results of the process — Florida Today reported that Blue Origin had filed a protest with the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) "over what it says is a plan by NASA to award an exclusive commercial lease to SpaceX for use of mothballed space shuttle launch pad 39A". [43], New Shepard made its first test flight on 29 April 2015. [64][65], As of 2016, Charon is on display at the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington. [19], A multi-year program of flight tests was begun in 2015[20] and is continuing in 2018. The flight was successful. [70] New Shepard is controlled entirely by on-board computers. [54], In March 2017, Bezos announced that Blue Origin had acquired its first paying launch customer for orbital satellite launches. [73] The flight in west Texas failed when ground personnel lost contact and control of the vehicle. [1][3], The ship was initially laid down in February 1997 as the Stena Hispanica for the Stena Line, but on 5 May 1998 was renamed RFA Sea Chieftain (A97) after the British Ministry of Defence (MoD) contracted with Stena for a long-term charter of the vessel for freight-carrying capacity to support the Joint Rapid Reaction Force. [11] It was founded in 2000 by Jeff Bezos, the company is led by CEO Bob Smith. [8] The company's name refers to the blue planet, Earth, as the point of origin.

Blue Origin's Amazing Rocket Liftoff & Landing in Pictures", "Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin live-streams its spaceship's risky test flight", "Blue Origin flies next-generation New Shepard vehicle", https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/04/29/video-blue-origin-flies-new-shepard-rocket-for-eighth-time/, "Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin launches spacecraft higher than ever", "Blue Origin reschedules New Shepard launch for Wednesday – Spaceflight Now", "Blue Origin New Shepard: Mission 10 (Q1 2019) - collectSPACE: Messages", "Blue Origin 'one step closer' to human flights after successful suborbital launch – Spaceflight Now", "New Shepard sets reusability mark on latest suborbital spaceflight", "Watch Blue Origin send thousands of postcards to space and back on test flight", "Blue Origin urging Air Force to postpone launch competition", "Air Force awards launch vehicle development contracts to Blue Origin, Northrop Grumman, ULA - SpaceNews.com", "Five Vehicles Vie To Succeed Space Shuttle", "Blue Origin Space Act Agreement, Amendment One", "NASA Selects Commercial Firms to Begin Development of Crew Transportation Concepts and Technology Demonstrations for Human Spaceflight Using Recovery Act Funds", "Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) Round One Companies Have Reached Substantial Hardware Milestones In Only 9 Months, New Images and Data Show", "Blue Origin CCDev 2 Space Act Agreement", "NASA announces $1.1 billion in support for a trio of spaceships", "Musk, Bezos fight to win lease of iconic NASA launchpad", "Blue Origin Files Protest Over Lease on Pad 39A", "Blue Origin Loses GAO Appeal Over Pad 39A Bid Process", "With nod to history, SpaceX gets launch pad 39A OK", "Bezos rocket engine selected for new Vulcan rocket – Spaceflight Now", "XS-1 Program to Ease Access to Space Enters Phase 2", "Space Force's Second-in-Command Explains What the Hell It Actually Does", Amazon CEO gives us peek into space plans, Amazon.com founder's space venture has West Texas county abuzz, Blue Origin West Texas Commercial Launch Site Environmental Assessment, Latest Blue Origin News on the Space Fellowship, Internet billionaires face off in renewed Texas space race, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blue_Origin&oldid=984147032, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2019, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sub-orbital spaceflight and landing of a reused booster.
The first flight of the third booster took place in December 2017.

[3][4] Founded in 2000 by Jeff Bezos, the company is led by CEO Bob Smith and aims to make access to space cheaper and more reliable through reusable launch vehicles.

Prototype engine and vehicle flights began in 2006, while full-scale engine development started in the early 2010s and was complete by 2015. in 2013. Bezos noted in interviews that this new launch vehicle would not compete for US government national security missions, leaving that market to United Launch Alliance and SpaceX.

Culberson County), штат Техас (англ. [23] and on 19 June 2016 for a fourth time, again reaching over 100.6 km (330,000 ft), before again returning and landing successfully. It flew to an altitude of 96 m (316 ft) before returning for a controlled landing near the liftoff point.

[49] Science-fiction author Neal Stephenson worked part-time at Blue Origin into late 2006[50] and credited the company's employees for ideas and discussions leading to his 2015 novel, Seveneves. [10][12][13] The vessel sailed to Florida and arrived at Pensacola later that month to commence a refit. The RLV would carry three or more passengers per operation.[62]. [102], Blue Origin has a development facility near Seattle, Washington, and Corn Ranch spaceport at West Texas. After months of additional financial and performance difficulties by several shipyards in Slovenia and Croatia in 2003, she was towed to Arsenale Shipyard in Venice, and then steamed under her own power to Kraljevica in Croatia for final completion. By 2015, Blue Origin had announced plans to also manufacture and fly its own orbital launch vehicle, known as the New Glenn, from the Florida Space Coast.

The engine will include a nozzle better optimized for operation under vacuum conditions as well as a number of other manufacturing differences since it is an expendable engine whereas the BE-3 is designed for reusability. [11] The new Crew Capsule 2.0, featuring windows, is integrated to the NS3.
As of 2016, Blue Origin was spending US$1 billion a year, funded by Jeff Bezos' sales of Amazon stock. [35], By July 2014, Bezos had invested over US$500 million of his own money into Blue Origin. [3] They added an additional 42,630 m2 (458,900 sq ft) of office, manufacturing and warehouse space to their headquarters facilities in 2016 and 2017.

Developmental test flights of the New Shepard,[9] named after the first American in space Alan Shepard, began in April 2015, and flight testing is ongoing. will occur at the Blue launch vehicle production facility on Space Commerce Parkway in nearby Exploration Park, near the entrance to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on Merritt Island.

A profile published in 2013 described a 1982 Miami Herald interview Bezos gave after he was named valedictorian of his high school class. Blue Origin är ett rymdfärdsföretag startat år 2000 av Jeff Bezos.Företaget har det kortsiktiga målet att göra det billigt att kunna transportera människor högt upp …

[53][51][109], By July 2014, Jeff Bezos had invested over US$500 million into Blue Origin. [84], Engine testing for the Reusable Booster System (RBS) vehicle began in 2012. [150] Blue Origin is reportedly in contracting talks with the United States Space Force as well according to Lt. General David Thompson.[151]. [45][46] This flight validated the vehicle architecture and design. The first-stage booster would be refueled and launched again, allowing improved reliability and lowering the cost of human access to space.

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